considering war and defense: what is the Christian perspective?

historical position: Pacifism
a pacifist is someone who believes that under no circumstances is war justified


teachings that support pacifism


what about defending ourselves and others?

“And He said to them, ‘But now, whoever has a money belt is to take it along, likewise also a bag, and whoever has no sword is to sell his coat and buy one. For I tell you that this which is written must be fulfilled in Me, ‘And he was numbered with transgressors;’ for that which refers to Me has its fulfillment.’ They said, ‘Lord, look, here are two swords.’ And He said to them, ‘It is enough’” (Jesus Christ - Luke 22:36-38).
“Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God. Therefore whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves. For rulers are not a cause of fear for good behavior, but for evil.

"Do you want to have no fear of authority? Do what is good and you will have praise from the same; for it [government; the State] is a minister of God to you  for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil” (Romans 13:1-4).






Jesus was not a pacifist, nor was He a hawk. It is interesting that Jesus makes everyone uncomfortable, because He can never be put in anybody’s box. He said blessed are the peacemakers. Jesus wasn’t a hawk. He wasn’t a pacifist. He wasn’t a Republican. He wasn’t a Democrat. He wasn’t an American. He wasn’t an Iraqi. He transcends all categories. - John Salvatore
what is a "just war"?

the just war theory
formulated by Augustine of Hippo, refined by Thomas Aquinas


seven -fold criteria of the just war theory
what about the State?
considering Romans 13:1-4